The crystalline and blissful music (deyin) illumined the gracious personalities of wise leaders and glorified the majesty of the heavenly grace that was realized through the virtuous practice of benefaction. It evoked harmonious communication (gantong) among all human and natural beings and the poetical concordance of sky and earth, the human and the divine… It was within this grand flourishing of human affections and intentions under blissful music that all the ethnic and political distinctions of different individuals were sublimated.
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Originally published in Philosophy East & West, Volume 65, Number 1, January 2015, 81–124. Republished here with thanks to Professor Wang.