There is similarity between Yogic and Buddhist techniques of attaining samadhi, but in each case the emancipation is thought to be different… Whilst Buddhists (and others) would argue that Kaivalya and Nirvana are completely different, the argument is not so clear cut. There is a striking correspondence between Kaivalya and Nirvana in that both are thought of as pure, free of defilements, uncompounded, infinite, and eternal. Both are profoundly concerned with unconditioned consciousness.
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Originally published in Under The Shade of the Coolibah Tree: Australian Studies in Consciousness Lanham, University Press of America, 1984. Republished here with thanks.