It was possible for the Arab scholars to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy with that of Plato, because they themselves possessed a firm axis to which they could refer all essential aspects of reality. This axis was the doctrine of the oneness of God. Moreover, this doctrine has two facets: on the one hand it maintains that God is unique and exalted above the entire universe, and, on the other, it implies that every- thing that exists necessarily partakes of the Divine Being. There is only one Being.
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Originally published in W. Stoddart, The Essential Titus Burckhardt: Reflections on Sacred Art, Faiths, and Civilizations, World Wisdom, 2005. Republished here with thanks.